30 MARCH 2006
Minister of State for External Affairs of India, H. E. Mr Anand
Sharma, the Minister of External Relations of Brazil, H. E. Mr. Celso
Amorim, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Africa, H. E.
Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, met in Rio de Janeiro on 30 March 2006
for the Third Meeting of the Trilateral Commission of the IBSA
Ministers discussed a wide range of critical global issues and
reconfirmed their shared vision and determination to play a
constructive role in international affairs and to maintain friendly
relations with all countries. They reaffirmed the IBSA Dialogue
Forum as an important mechanism for political consultation and
co-ordination as well as for strengthening cooperation in sectoral
areas and to improve economic relations among India, Brazil and
confirmed their support for a strong multilateral system as a means
towards addressing issues of global concern, in particular the
pre-eminent role of the United Nations in the maintenance of
international peace and security and the promotion of sustainable
The Ministers recognized the successful conclusion of the Millennium
Review Summit, which took place in September 2005. The Ministers
expressed their hope that the UN reform processes continue to reflect
a balance between development and security concerns and, in this
regard, reiterated their perception that development matters remain
an indispensable foundation for a new collective security system.
reaffirmed their commitment to the goal of developing countries
successfully achieving, at the minimum, the Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs) as a core strategy in the international fight against
underdevelopment, hunger and poverty. They reiterated their support
for the Action against Hunger and Poverty initiative and, in
particular, the Declaration issued by the promoters of the
initiative on the occasion of the UN Millennium Review Summit. They
reconfirmed the importance of obtaining new and additional financial
and other resources for fighting poverty and financing development.
the framework of the Monterrey consensus, the Ministers acknowledged
that the MDGs will not be achieved without also resorting to
additional and innovative sources of financing for development. The
Ministers confirmed their willingness to support and promote
innovative financing mechanisms and in this regard reiterated their
intention to take active part in the work by the Leading Group on
Solidarity Levies, created at the Ministerial Conference on
Innovative Financing, held in Paris in February/March 2006.
Ministers reiterated their continued support for the reform of the
United Nations to make it more democratic and responsive to the
priorities of its Member States, particularly those of developing
countries that constitute the vast majority of its membership. In
that regard, they welcomed the decisions taken in the September
Summit in New York in 2005 and expressed their full support for the
implementation of those decisions as contained in the �Summit
Ministers emphasised that the Security Council must, in its
composition, represent contemporary realities and not those of 1945.
Keeping in view that the decisions of the Security Council
serve the interests of the larger United
they emphasised the need for the urgent reform of the Security
Council that would include its expansion in both categories of
membership, permanent and non-permanent, in order to render it more
democratic, legitimate, representative and responsive. Towards this
end, the representation of developing countries from Africa, Asia and
Latin America, as permanent members of the Security Council, is
essential. The IBSA countries agreed to continue to exchange views on
this issue, which they feel is central to the process of the reform
of the United Nations, and work towards this common purpose in the
coming months, with the view to achieving concrete results by the end
of the 60th General Assembly.
welcomed the creation of the Peacebuilding Commission as an
important intergovernmental advisory body through which
international community could provide long term support to countries
emerging from conflict, including capacity-building efforts. IBSA
countries reiterated their commitment towards working for an early
operationalisation of the Peacebuilding Commission.
welcomed the creation of the Human Rights Council and expressed
their commitment to ensuring that it fulfils the expectation of the
international community. Now that the Peace Building Commission and
the Human Rights Council have been created, the UN reform process
must concentrate on the Security Council reform.
voiced their full support for the capable manner in which the United
Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan, has been conducting the
work of the organisation, and expressed confidence in his efforts to
enhance the UN�s role in international relations.
recommitted their respective delegations to the UN and its
specialised agencies, as well as other multilateral bodies, to remain
in close contact with each other and to consult on all issues of
The Ministers reaffirmed that South-South cooperation is an essential
and fundamental component of international cooperation for
development, and stressed their support for mainstreaming of
South-South cooperation and of the pursuit of the development of
Technical Cooperation amongst Developing Countries (TCDC) to its full
potential. In this regard, they recommitted themselves to work
together for the enhancement of South-South cooperation and
emphasized the establishment of the IBSA Fund as an example of
cooperation among three developing countries for the benefit of the
neediest nations of the South.
They noted with satisfaction the adoption of the Doha Plan of Action
at the South Summit, held in Doha, between 12 and 16 June 2005. They
emphasized the importance of strengthening South-South cooperation in
order to promote growth and development.
NEW PARTNERSHIP FOR AFRICA�S DEVELOPMENT (NEPAD)
The Ministers reaffirmed their support for the socio-economic
development programme of the African Union and committed the IBSA
partnership to seeking practical and concrete measures to be pursued
in support of the implementation of NEPAD. The three countries share
a common experience in the struggle against poverty and
underdevelopment, as well as complementary levels of development.
There was therefore much to gain from sharing information and best
practices in dealing with common challenges and in identifying areas
of common concern, need and benefit.
The Ministers welcomed the consolidation of the South American
Community of Nations, which held its first Presidential Meeting in
Brasilia, on 30 September, 2005, and recognized it as a major
achievement in the process of strengthening the political
coordination and economic, commercial and infrastructural integration
among South American countries.
The Ministers reaffirmed that international terrorism constitutes one
of the most serious threats to peace and security and that acts of
terrorism were criminal and unjustifiable whatever the considerations
or factors that might be invoked to justify them. The Ministers
emphasised the need for concerted and co- ordinated action by the
international community, with the ultimate objective of eradicating
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
They reaffirmed their full support for the implementation of all the
measures to combat terrorism outlined in relevant UN Security Council
Resolutions. They welcomed the Council�s efforts to increase
cooperation and coordination in the fight against terrorism and
called on the international community to work together in a spirit of
cooperation and tolerance to eliminate terrorism. Recalling that the
Outcome Document of the World Summit 2005 had called upon the member
states to conclude a comprehensive convention on international
terrorism during the current Session of the UN General Assembly, the
Ministers stressed the importance of finalising the convention on
international terrorism and called upon all States to cooperate in
resolving the outstanding issues with the objective of an expeditious
conclusion of negotiations and the adoption of this Convention.
They emphasised that international cooperation to combat terrorism
should be conducted in conformity with the principles of the United
Nations Charter, international law and relevant international
conventions, including international human rights, humanitarian and
NON-PROLIFERATION AND ARMS CONTROL
Ministers reaffirmed the view that the primary focus on human
development, the fight against poverty, and measures to promote a
better quality of life, should underpin and provide for greater
guarantees for international peace and stability. The three
Ministers took stock of the global security situation concerning
disarmament and non-proliferation, and expressed their concern over
the lack of progress in multilateral fora related to the field, and
voiced their hope that the international community will show the
necessary resolve and political will to reinforce the international
disarmament and non-proliferation regime by means of
multilaterally-negotiated, transparent, balanced and effective
Ministers expressed their conviction that multilateral institutions
set up under multilateral disarmament agreements should remain the
primary institutions and mechanisms, in the international
community�s endeavour to achieve common objectives
in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation.
They took note of the positive continuing cooperation among their
countries at the IAEA and other fora, with a view to ensuring the
unimpeded growth and development of the peaceful use of atomic
energy, through the supply of technology, equipment and material,
under appropriate safeguards, and reaffirmed their will to intensify
such cooperation. In this regard, the Ministers called for a peaceful
resolution of the Iranian nuclear programme within the context of the
They highlighted that nuclear energy can play an important role
in meeting growing global energy requirements while at the same time
addressing concerns related to global warming. In this regard they
agreed to consider further enhancing international civilian nuclear
cooperation, with countries who share the objectives of
non-proliferation and have contributed to them, as well as having
concluded appropriate safeguard agreements with IAEA.
Ministers expressed concern over the continuing impasse in the
Conference on Disarmament and called upon member states to intensify
efforts to reach an agreement on a programme of work. In this
context, they reiterated that the Five Ambassadors proposal as
revised in 2003 still remained a viable basis for a programme of
also expressed their commitment to the universalization of the
Convention for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and Biological
Weapons Convention (BWC), as well as to the goal of ensuring its
balanced, transparent and effective implementation.
also agreed on the pressing need to adopt measures aimed at
strengthening the Convention for the Prohibition of Biological and
Toxin Weapons, in order to consolidate its role as a key disarmament
instrument of the international disarmament and non-proliferation
regime, and expressed their will to intensify the cooperation and
consultations in relation to the Convention, in particular in the
context of its 6th Review Conference, scheduled for November-December 2006.
They recalled the importance of cooperative and effective
international action against the illicit trade in small arms, light
weapons and ammunition, and the need for the 2006 Review Conference
of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and
Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All
Its Aspects (UN-PoA), adopted at the Conference
on the Illicit Trade of Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its
IN THE MIDDLE EAST
The Ministers welcomed the holding of transparent and free
parliamentary elections in the Palestinian territories on 25 January
2006 and of general elections in Israel this very week. They welcomed
the strengthening of the democratic process in Palestine and the
peaceful nature of the polling. They expressed the hope that the
newly formed government in Palestine and the newly formed government
in Israel will continue to pursue peaceful negotiations as laid down
by the Road Map for Peace and to abstain from taking any action or
measure which might put in jeopardy the peace process in the region
leading to the establishment of a viable, sovereign, independent
State of Palestine living side by side in peaceful co-existence with
the State of Israel.
Considering the results of the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference, held
in Hong Kong, in December 2005, the Ministers emphasized the
necessity of renewed political commitment to advance negotiations so
that the Hong Kong deadlines are met.
As agriculture is central to development and the Doha Round, the
Ministers expressed their conviction that Hong Kong consolidated the
G-20 as an element of systemic relevance in WTO Agriculture
The Ministers emphasised the need to consolidate unity on the
development content of the Round. This is supported by increased
activity, in the form of consultations, held in Geneva by Indian,
Brazilian and South African delegations, in order to co-ordinate
positions and strengthen Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA), as
well as the establishment of the NAMA -11 whose two
main principles are supporting flexibilities for developing countries
and balance between NAMA and other areas under negotiation.
They recognized the importance of incorporating the development
dimension in international discussions concerning intellectual
property, as a means to preserve the policy space that countries
enjoy in ensuring access to knowledge, health, culture and a
sustainable environment. In this context, they welcomed the launching
of a �Development Agenda in the World Intellectual Property
Organization� and reaffirmed their hope that the aforementioned
Organization incorporates effectively the development dimension in
all its bodies.
The Ministers took note of the broader objectives of the European
Union proposed Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of
Chemicals (REACH) Legislation, in respect of the protection of human
health and the environment. The Ministers reiterated their support
for the commitments made on chemical safety at the World Summit on
Sustainable Development (WSSD) in 2002.
The ministers expressed their concern for the unintended consequences
that REACH will have on developing economies exporting to the EU.
Such consequences will negatively affect the attainment of
development goals in the South, including the MDGs.
The Ministers recognised the efforts, commitments and determination
of leaders of developing economies to effectively address the
challenges of poverty, underdevelopment, marginalisation social
exclusion and economic disparities.
The Ministers urged the EU to give due consideration to the grave
consequences for developing economies should REACH be adopted in its
current form. The Ministers urged the EU to ensure that REACH will
not become a Technical Barrier to Trade (TBT).
high costs for compliance, the possibilities for substituting
commodities and the lack of technological and human resource capacity
to comply may render the EU markets inaccessible for exports from
developing countries. The Ministers expressed their desire that REACH
should be consistent with the WTO laws and provide for adequate
flexibility to developing countries.
The Ministers undertook to work together and jointly to address the
challenges posed by REACH. The Ministers resolved to make all efforts
to cooperate in coordinated manner regarding REACH.
The Ministers underlined the convergence of views regarding the need
for enhancing the governance of the international financial system
and, in this respect, reiterated their commitment to coordinate
efforts on this issue. They further stressed that progress in this
field will lead to improvements in crisis prevention and the increase
of resources to finance development.
The Ministers reaffirmed the validity of the principles contained in
the Rio Declaration, particularly on common but differentiated
responsibilities, the Programme of Action contained in Agenda 21, and
the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable
Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg. IBSA would continue its
efforts to mobilise new and additional financial resources and the
transfer of environmentally-sound technologies within an agreed
time-frame in order to implement the outcomes of these conferences.
They stressed that an international environment supportive of
development would be critical to this process. They also called for a
specific focus on capacity-building as well as on the transfer of
financial resources and technology to developing countries.
They noted with appreciation the stage of the TRIPS Council
negotiations on the relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the
Convention on Biological Diversity and reaffirmed the urgent need
that Members reach a prompt solution for the problem raised by the
granting of intellectual property rights concerning or making use of
genetic resources and/or associated traditional knowledge without
compliance of relevant provisions of the Convention on Biological
Diversity. In this respect, they underscored the wide support for the
proposal of amending TRIPS with a view to require intellectual
property applications to disclose the country of origin of the
subject matter as well as the compliance with the requirements of
fair and equitable benefit-sharing and prior informed consent, in
accordance with the legislation of the country of origin.
They expressed, in this context, their positive expectations about
the results of the VIII Conference of the Parties of the Convention
on Biological Diversity (COP-8/CBD), which is being held in Curitiba,
Brazil (March, 20th-31st). They concurred on that COP-8 constitutes
an opportunity to advance the effective implementation of CBD.
They also called for expediting negotiation and conclusion of the
international regime on access and benefit sharing, as an instrument
for protecting intellectual property rights concerning traditional
and indigenous knowledge. India, Brazil and South Africa, as the
founding members of the Group of Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries,
agreed to strengthen cooperation and co-ordination, with an emphasis
on multilateral negotiations and in fostering activities related to
They recalled that Brazil, India and South Africa will jointly participate
in the Capacity Building Committee of the Group on Earth Observation
(GEO), an intergovernmental partnership entrusted with implementing
the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The
participation in the Capacity Building Committee provides a unique
opportunity for the three countries to cooperate in enhancing the
capabilities of developing countries, especially less developed ones,
in the use, analysis, interpretation and modelling of Earth
Observation data, for applications in the nine societal benefit areas
of GEOSS, which comprise Agriculture, Health, Disasters, Water,
Ecosystems, Climate, Meteorology, Energy and Biodiversity.
The Ministers expressed their satisfaction with the results of the
Montreal meetings (COP-11, COP/MOP-1), particularly with the adoption
of the Marrakech Accords and the establishment of the Ad-hoc Working
Group on Further Commitments for Annex 1 Parties under the Kyoto
Protocol to consider such commitments for the period beyond 2012.
They further urged developed countries to meet their own commitments
and undertakings under the Protocol not only in terms of complying
with current targets for Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emission reduction,
but also in terms of their commitment in respect of technology
transfer, capacity building and financial support to developing
countries. They also welcomed the dialogue on long term co-operative
action to address climate change by enhancing implementation of the
They also agreed on the need for continued consultations within IBSA
Forum on the environment and climate change issues.
FACILITY FUND FOR ALLEVIATION OF POVERTY AND HUNGER
The Ministers reiterated the fundamental character of the IBSA Fund
as a means to disseminate the best practices in the alleviation
poverty and hunger. They emphasized the importance of the
participation of institutions of IBSA countries (Governmental and
Non-Governmental) in the projects financed by the Fund and
recommended that the UNDP, as administrator of the Fund, find means
to make that participation possible.
Ministers received the report of the visit of the Technical
Monitoring Committee (TMC) to Guinea Bissau and accepted the
recommendations made by the TMC, especially concerning the
management of the project, and urged the UNDP Office in Bissau to
work more closely with the UNDP Special Unit for South-South
Cooperation in New York, the Coordinator of the project and the
Guinean Bissau national authorities. They accepted the Committee�s
recommendation that an additional agreement be signed with UNDP in
order to clarify rights and obligations of both parties.
Ministers reiterated their commitment to move forward with other
projects in the scope of the Fund. They welcomed the finalisation of
the concept paper of the project on waste collection in Haiti
(Carrefour Feuille) and called upon speedy appointment of a project
coordinator so that the project can be implemented as soon as
possible.. They underlined the importance of making progresses in
the drawing up of the projects benefiting Palestine and Laos.
The IBSA countries recommitted themselves to allocate at least US$ 1
million a year to the Fund.
The Ministers reviewed the work of the sectoral working groups and
adopted their reports.
Reference was made to the two Workshops on Information Society
and E-Government, held in South Africa and India, and to the
commitment of the three delegations to actively participate in the
last event of the series, to take place in Brazil, in June 2006.
The Ministers welcomed the agreement reached by the Working Group on
the Information Society, on the content of the �IBSA Framework for
Cooperation on Information Society�, setting up the basis and
defining modes of cooperation in the fields of Information Society
and Communication Technologies, and took note with satisfaction of
the Joint Action Program for 2006-2007, prescribing specific
initiatives in all fields of cooperation covered by the Framework.
The Ministers also welcomed the development of the IBSA website
(www.ibsa-trilateral.org), maintained by South Africa, and invite the
various working groups of the IBSA Forum to provide content and make
full use of this channel of communication.
The Ministers recognized with pleasure the high level of coordination
between the three delegations during the second phase of the World
Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), held in Tunis, in November
2005, and its preparatory works. In this regard, the three countries
reiterated their commitment to keep working together during the WSIS
follow-up process, as well as in other international fora related to
the issue, to promote the use of Information and Communication
Technologies as a tool for development and to build multilateral,
democratic and transparent global Internet governance mechanisms.
The Ministers decided to formalise the establishment of an additional
sectoral working group on Social Issues, as a follow-up to the
International Seminar on Economic Development and Social Equity, held
in Rio de Janeiro, on 3rd and 4th August, 2005. They also expressed
their intention of establishing as soon as possible a working group
on Public Administration.
The member countries reiterated their commitment to further promote
the production and use of Biofuels as environmentally friendly and
sustainable fuels which promote socio - economic development, taking
into consideration their global importance. Progress is being made,
on exchange of information on Renewable Energy and the Biofuels value
More emphasis will be placed on exchange of information into the
areas of energy efficiency and conservation, and hydrogen energy.
India will host the second technical meeting of the Energy Working
Group, to which other stakeholders including private sector players
may be invited for the enhancement of implementation of IBSA
The Ministers agreed on the importance of new initiatives aimed at
strengthening economic and trade relations among developing
countries, as a means to generate business opportunities and
contribute to an international trade scenario more suitable to their
development projects. In that regard, they took note with great
satisfaction that Mercosul will be proposing to SACU and India the
creation of a Working Group to explore the modalities of a Trilateral
Free Trade Agreement (T-FTA) among them. They underlined the
significance of this exercise and expressed their full support to the
Further the Ministers supported the initiative of a renewable source
of energy seminar and the proposals to assist Small, Medium and Micro
Enterprises through the proposed study on how to make business in the
IBSA countries, and the proposals on sharing of experiences and
The Ministers also laid emphasis on the need to conclude the
bilateral customs cooperation agreements expeditiously.
The member countries decided that, in taking forward the renewed
approach to IBSA deliverables, South Africa should host a meeting on
civil aviation and maritime transport in April 2006. This meeting
will focus on the finalization of the trilateral on maritime
transport agreement and also review implementation of air transport
agreement. It should be noted, in addition, that during the present
meeting of the working group in Rio, which also included the presence
of representatives of Air India, VARIG and SAA, tremendous progress
has been made and concrete projects have been identified for
cooperation. To this end cooperation will be fostered in areas of
airlink expansions, training and knowledge sharing in airports and
airspace management, port management, operational and infrastructural
systems, including capacity building in shipbuilding, environmental
management and navigational systems.
The development of transshipment facilities will also be made a
priority in order to support the IBSA trade strategy which advocates
for the creation of South-South shipping highway that integrate
subregional connection between MERCOSUL, SACU and Indian regions.
The Ministers noted progress on the establishment of a framework to
strengthen cooperation in the field of agriculture. Specific areas of
cooperation that have been identified are: research and capacity
building, agricultural trade, rural development and poverty
alleviation, and other allied areas as may be agreed.
Following the successful meeting of the health working group held in
Brazil from 6th to 10th February 2006 in which broad areas of
cooperation were discussed, the South African Minister of Health
invited her counterparts for a meeting in March 2006. However, this
meeting will now take place on the margins of the WHO meeting in
Geneva, in May 2006.
TRADE AND INVESTMENT FORUM
The Ministers noted with satisfaction the results of the Trade and
Investment Forum. The forum was divided into four panels: a)
Trilateral trade analysis; b) implementation of the preferential
trade agreements between Mercosul, India and Southern African Customs
Union (SACU); c) challenges to the growth of the trilateral trade
(barriers, logistics and financing); and d) organization of the
trilateral business meeting on the occasion of the IBSA Meeting of
Heads of Government and State in September 2006.The delegations of
India, Brazil and South Africa presented data and facts concerning
trade issues that thrusted fruitful discussions among the businessmen
attending the meeting.
It was presented an evaluation of the current aspects of the
negotiations involving Mercosul, Sacu and India. All delegations
concluded that there must be an expansion on acting positions to fit
the ever growing market of the three countries. The importance of
solid links between the three countries was mentioned several times
and also the necessity of a stronger South-South union. The possible
substitution of imports from northern countries by imports from
southern countries was considered a possible solution to enforce this
new commercial agreement.
Brazilian businessmen pointed out that among the main barriers to be
eliminated to foster trilateral trade are: a) logistics, b) customs
procedures, c) lack of information and d) distances. The logistic
problem was tackled by the suggestion of a study (previously
discussed in the IBSA work group for trade and investment (on march
28th) to further address the issue. The private sector also
emphasized the necessity of creating flights uniting Brazil-South
Africa-India. The measure would help to narrow the distances both
physical and cultural between IBSA partners.
In what concerns customs procedures, it was suggested more
cooperation in the area by the specific government institutions, in
order to simplify many of the regulations and turn the customs
process into a more unified process.
The study suggested in the work group of trade and investment, as
well as the magazine �Brazil Brand of Excellence�, the Brazilian
website �Brazil Trade Net� and the creation of the IBSA site,
were solutions proposed to help ease the gap of information,
of possible solutions
the IBSA economic area: more aggressive free trade agreements, closer
relations between businesses and industries from the three countries,
enhancing contact between the automobile industries of IBSA.
Some sectors were also given special attention: the renewable energy
sector and ethanol industry. The WG on trade and investment decided
to create a seminar that will happen in South Africa before the
Summit in September.
The meeting was praised and considered by the attendants as highly
productive. It is expected new steps towards a more united and stronger IBSA by all.
The Ministers of India and South Africa confirmed the participation
of Prime Minister Singh and President Mbeki in the IBSA Summit to be
convened by Brazil on 13th September 2006.
The Ministers welcomed the announcement by Brazil of the II
Conference of Intellectuals from the Africa and the Diaspora, which
will take place in Salvador, on 12th-14th July 2006. Representatives
from India will also be extended an invitation to attend this meeting
The Ministers of India and South Africa expressed their deep
gratitude to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil for convening
the Third Meeting of the Trilateral Commission.
The Ministers agreed that the next meeting will be hosted by India in
the first quarter of 2007.