MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA,
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
COOPERATOIN IN THE FIELD OF HIGHER EDUCATION
The Government of the Republic of India, the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil, and the Government of the Republic of South Africa (hereinafter jointly referred to as the "Parties" and separately as a "Party")
RECALLING the Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Government of the Republic of India signed on the 22nd of July 1985, and the Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of South Africa signed on I 51 of March, 2000;
CONSCIOUS thereof that there is a commitment on the part of the Parties to establish sustained collaborations in fourteen sectors under the India-Brazil-South Afr ica Dialogue Forum (hereinafter referred to as the IBSA framework);
RECOGNISING that there is a tradition of exchanges and cooperation between Indian, Brazilian and South African academic institutions; and
ACKNOWLEDGING that there is mutual interest on the part of the Indian, Brazilian and South African academic institutions to further develop cooperative exchange programmes;
HEREBY AGREE as follows:
OBJECTIVES OF THE MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
The objectives of the Memorandum of Understanding are as follows:
(a) The creation of conditions for cooperation between Indian, Brazilian and South African academic institutions, faculties, researchers and students on the basis of lasting institutional arrangements and by means of joint research projects in areas that are agreed upon beforehand as being of mutual interest;
(b) the exploration, investigation and development of new forms of South- South linkages in the field of education;
(c) the alignment of the higher education systems in the way that they relate to each other, to social and economic development, to local communities;
(d) the strengthening of training and high-level professional development programmes; and
(e) the enhancing the exchange of scientific information and specialized documentation among the three countries;
AREAS OF COOPERATION
The following academic areas will be the focus of the Memorandum of Understanding:
Engineering, Computer Sciences and Mathematical Sciences;
Biotechnology, Agriculture and Livestock;
Social Transformation and Empowerment; and
Higher Education Studies.
(1) The following organizations shall, on behalf of the Parties, be responsible for the co-ordination, execution and evaluation of this Memorandum of Understanding:
(a) The Coordination for The Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES/MEC) on behalf of the Brazilian Ministry of Education;
(b) The University Grants Commission (UGC) working with the Ministry of Human Resource Development on behalf of India; and
(c) Higher Education South Africa (HESA) on behalf of the Department of Education of South Africa.
(2) The Parties shall publish national announcements to inform each of the respective university communities of the scope and subject areas of the cooperative exchange;
(3) Participating research groups shall be required to present to the Parties projects detailing the plans for collaborative research and postgraduate education .
(4) The provisions of this Memorandum of Understanding shall only take effect at higher education institutions that were appointed by the Parties.
The following steps shall be taken in order to accomplish the objectives set forth in Article 1:
a) Exchange of postgraduate students and postdoctoral fellows;
b) The establishment of an adjunct faculty exchange programme;
c) The establishment of workshops to support the development of the themes as research areas;
d) The establishment of research projects in each of the thematic areas;
e) The establishment of suitable funding mechanisms to support these activities;
f) The publication of work related to research undertaken within the framework of this Memorandum of Understanding.
The Parties agree to endeavor to mobilize sufficient funds for the suitable functioning of the Memorandum of Understanding.
This Memorandum of Understanding may be amended by mutual consent of all three Parties through an Exchange of Notes between the Parties through the diplomatic channel.
(1) Any dispute between the Parties arising out of the interpretations or implementation of this Memorandum of Understanding shall be settled amicably through consultation or negotiations between the Parties.
(2) The Parties will seek to resolve all disputes that may arise out of this Memorandum of Understanding through the diplomatic channel.
ENTRY INTO FORCE, DURATION AND TERMINATION
(1) This Memorandum of Understanding shall enter into force on the date of signature thereof.
(2) This Memorandum of Understanding shall remain in force for a period of five years, where after it shall automatically be renewed for another term of five years, unless it is terminated in terms of sub-Article (3).
(3) This Memorandum of Understanding may be terminated by either of the Parties giving six months written notice in advance through the diplomatic channel to the other Parties of its intention to terminate this Memorandum of Understanding. Termination shall occur without penalty.
(4) Any such termination shall not affect projects already underway, the continuity of which shall be guaranteed, except when the Parties jointly agree otherwise.
(5) If this Memorandum of Understanding is terminated, none of the Parties shall be liable to the others for any monetary or other losses that may result from such termination.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments have signed this Memorandum of Understanding; in three originals in the Hindi, Portuguese and English languages, all texts being equally authentic.
Done at Pretoria, on this 17th day of October 2007.
For the Government of the Republic of India
For the Government of the Federative republic of Brazil
For the Government of the Republic of South Africa